## The Activities

**Topic: Measurement. **Book: Measuring Penny by Leedy. Lisa gets a homework assignment to measure something in a variety of ways. She decides to measure her dog Penny.
**Topic: Sorting, Patterns, Charts. **We have a card game called Blink, which has cards of six different colors, with six different shapes, and five different numbers (1 – 5). Here are some sample cards.
Blink cards

We calculated that there should be 6 * 6 * 5 = 180 unique cards. However, the Blink deck only contains 60 cards. I asked the kids to figure out which cards are missing, and if there’s any pattern.

**Topic: Protractors, Measurement, Triangles.** Each kid got a protractor, and triangle I had drawn before circle. We measured each angle, and then added them up to see what we got.

## How did it go?

We had 4 kids this week. Overall, it was a fun, focused circle.

#### Measuring Penny

We had read this book over a year ago. Some kids remembered it, but 3 out of 4 kids wanted to hear it again. This time I took several different breaks to discuss the book. For example, when they talked about ‘nonstandard units’, I measured one of the kids’ hair in number of “Corey Hands”. We also measured everyone’s ears in centimeter. The kids had a great time with the book, and stayed focused and interested.

#### Missing Blink Cards

We had told the kids about the missing cards several weeks ago, and they all remembered that there are supposed be 180 cards. We recalculated it again, just to be sure. Then I asked if we could figure out which cards are missing? I started them off by sorting through the cards and showing that there were only two cards that had red lightning bolts on them.

The kids took over from there. At first they just randomly picked a color and shape, and looked for the matching cards. Soon this became unmanageable, so one of the kids suggested moving to the floor, and making a separate row for each color, and use columns for the shapes. This resulted in the following chart:

I then asked the kids several questions about the cards, which were easy to answer with this chart. How many of each color are there? 10. How many of each shape? 10.

How many of each number? This one was trickier because the chart is not sorted by number. One kid wanted to rearrange the chart, but instead we went row by row looking for each number. We found there are 12 of each. We also found that for each color, there are two of each number. During this time, two kids counted the attributes, and two kids were keeping notes.

One kid’s notes.

Next I asked how many cards are missing from each row? The kids looked at their chart, and said two are missing from each row. We then calculated there must be 12 missing cards total. But that would make only 12 + 60 = 72 cards, not 180, like we calculated.

I should have asked the kids where the other cards were, but instead I just showed them how to update the chart to sort by number too. So we had a row for each color, and a column for each number/shape combination. Two kids helped me fix the chart:

The new chart.

Then we counted the missing cards in each row. This time we found there are 20 cards missing in each. 20 * 6 = 120 + 60 = 180!

#### Triangles and Protractors

I handed out several big triangles I had drawn with sharpie before circle. The kids used protractors to measure the three angles, and then add them up.

Using the protractor was still challenging for the kids, but they all made progress when I helped them. The kids added angles up to 180 four or five separate times. We also got 182 and 183 a couple times. Weirdly, when I did it myself, I got 188 for a triangle…Not sure why. But the kids actually noticed that it was near 180 all the time, so we may be almost ready for the proof that they must always be 180.

My daughter measuring a triangle.